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A microcosm of Cornish history here. A former mining village, with associations with the wreckers and smugglers on the coast. The men of Breage and nearby Germoe were notorious for their wrecking activities in the 18th century. Prussia Cove, 1.5 miles SW of Germoe, is named after the 18th century smuggler John Carter, the self styled King of Prussia. The 15th century church of St Breaca has some noteable wall paintings, discovered in the last century under layers of lime wash. The paintings date from the 15th century, and were painted by wandering monks, They depict Christ blessing the Trades, and St Christopher. Godolphin Hall, 2 miles north of Breage, dates from 16th and 17th centuries. It was the home of the Godolphins, and is open to the public on a limited number of days each year. Between Breage and Germoe is Tregoning Hill where William Cookworthy first discovered china clay. [from Cornwall Calling]
map courtesy of Cornwall Calling
Map by Colin Hinson, GenUKI Web Site
map produced from multimap.com
Cornwall is the most South Westerly County in the
United Kingdom. It has only one land border, that with the County of Devon, to the East.
This eastern boundary is marked for almost all its length by the River Tamar. The rest of
the county is surrounded by sea. This makes the County a peninsula and were it not for the
short piece of land North of the Tamar, some say it would be an island. The county is
actually a Duchy and the Duke of Cornwall is the Monarch's eldest son, currently His Royal
Highness Prince Charles. The population of the county has changed over the last 200 years,
in 1801 it was 192,281 rising to a peak of 369,390 in 1861 it then fell back slightly and
now stands at around 481,900. Until the end of the eighteenth century the ancient Celtic
language of Cornish was spoken here, it is currently undergoing a revival and the ancient
name of the County "Kernow" can be seen at the roadside when crossing the
'Border' from 'England'. The county is 80 miles long from the Devon Border to Land's End.
At its widest it is about 45 miles wide and averages about 24 miles wide with the
narrowest point between St Ives and Mount's Bay being a mere 7 miles wide. About 30 miles
to the South West of Land's End lie the Isles of Scilly, which form part of the County.
The landscape is varied with large outcrops of granite rock and granite hills, such as
Bodmin Moor in the East. The Administrative Capital and County Town is the City of Truro,
lying to the west of the centre of the County. The main industry was formerly tin mining,
but with the fall in tin prices the last mine, at South Crofty, has closed. A Welsh
businessman has is now in the process of buying the mine so mining is once again may
continue in Cornwall and there will only have been a short gap in its history. Other
industries vary from the extraction and export of China Clay from near St Austell to the
export of spring flowers from the west. The main industry is probably the tourist industry
with many visitors coming to the area between Easter and late Autumn.
David Holman 1999 [from GenUKI web site].
Helston was a port as early as the 13th century, when locally streamed tin was exported from here. Edward I selected Helston as one of Cornwall's stannary towns, where tin could be assayed. There is a Victorian guildhall, the 16th century Angel Hotel, the Butter Market Folk Museum. Bob Fitzsimmons, the former world boxing champion, was born here in a cottage in Wendron Street. Henry Trengrouse, the inventor of the rocket apparatus used to fire rescue lines to ships, has a memorial in the churchyard. The parish church itself was in fact destroyed by lightening in 1727, and rebuilt in 1830. At the lower end of the Main Street stands the Blue Anchor Inn, a place of repose for monks in the 1400's. And if you want more stories about King Arthur, then the freshwater lake, Loe pool is an alternative site to Dozmary Pool for the appearance of the hand from the waters to receive Excalibur. [from Cornwall Calling]
This page modified 03/22/2004. Please report any corrections or omissions to firstname.lastname@example.org